Venice – A Marvel of Engineering

Questo post è disponibile anche in: Italian

Venice – A Marvel of Engineering

How venice was build? – A  efty task but not impossible

Venice – A city of love, a place whose waters are etched out with sheer emotions; Venice itself is a landmark and an inspirational piece of engineering. Poets have been found to have written on this city based on its artistic nature, which have dwelled deep into its water over a period of time.
The city is submerged in water giving it the feel of a place entirely built in liquid. Interestingly and subsequently modes of transportations are gondolas and small boats. The question which strikes most of us travelling to Venice for the first time is why water? And how was Venice built? The way this city stands vehemently tall among waters is a wonder in itself.

How was Venice built?

What is under Venice
What is under Venice – photo by: http://www.venicebackstage.org

Venice was modeled and built in the 1500 AD, and is designed as a group of 117 islands right in the middle of a lagoon. The purpose of these water clad islands was to protect the city from foreign attackers, somewhat giving it an appearance like a moat. The construction of a city above water was a hefty task, the engineers had to build the foundations in a way that they dug deep into the bed of silt and sand known as subsoil.
The reason why wood stood its ground in the sands of time was because it was not exposed to air, which prevented it from getting spoiled and deteriorating. Wood was also a compatible choice because of its sturdy yet flexible nature, which stood strong against the constant movement of tides. These alder steaks were constantly bearing the weight of a horizontal wooden base, again wooden ( elm and larch) and on top of that large blocks of stone were laid for a firm foundation.

How Venice was build - process
How Venice was build – process – photo by: http://www.venicebackstage.org

The process of construction

Planning was one task, but giving it a reality required even further organization and calculated formulations spread out on a vast period of time. Canal was accustomed with huge planks and wooden pilings which eventually allowed the workers to prevent the base from water. Later on, the site was drained out of water and alder steaks were lodged in to the soil. After that the land was further covered with brick and stone up to three meters beneath the high tide level. In order to distribute the weight across the soft ground, wood zatterone planks were constructed on top of it. On top of this, the water resistant Kirmenjak blacks were arranged, which brought the construction of this completion.

Maintenance of the city

The Mose project to save Venice
The Mose project to save Venice

The Mose project was proposed in 1989; a project which started off on a large scale to prevent and control the city from getting flooded. This project consists of several small and large scale alterations and additions to the city for its sustenance in the long run.

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