Parts of the Gondola – How is composed

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Parts of the Gondola

Lets discover the parts of the gondola that compose

Parti della Gondola
Le parti della gondola foto da:

Traditionally, the gondola is made from 280 parts made eight types of wood: larch, fir, oak, elm, cherry, mahogany, walnut, and lime. Today is becoming more common, however, to see it built in marine plywood. Among the components of the structure there are:

  • 67 ‘sankòni’, segments that make up the backbone of the gondola
  • 25 ‘piane’, structures in oak wood
  • 3 ‘maistre’, bow, stern and amidships
  • ‘aste’, bow and stern, replacement terminals located in an almost vertical on which will set the ‘wounded’ ie the knife.
  • ‘sérci’, the sides of the gondola
  • 5 ‘trasti’ that join together the sides of the boat
  • i ‘fiùboni’ hat is, the shell of the bow and stern
  • ‘nomboli’, boards under the sides
  • ‘kolòmbe’and the ‘sàndoli’, the plates which constitute the bottom of the hull
  • ‘le mase’, with function fender
  • ‘solarai’where the gondolier stand with the feet while rowing.
  • ferro di prua
    Il Ferro di prua foto da:

    Pettine or ferro di prua, also called “fero da pròra” or “dolfin”, which has the purpose of protecting the bow from possible collisions and to balance the weight of the gondolier. Its weight varies from 10 kg up depending on the metal used. The shape of a ‘S’ should simulate the performance of the Grand Canal. Under the main blade has a comb made ​​of 6 tines (prongs) that resemble the 6 districts in which Venice is divided. A kind of tooth that extends back toward the center of the gondola indicates the Giudecca and the “Doge’s hat” the headband over the top of the tooth comb, represents the Rialto Bridge. In the most recent gondolas, there are also 3 finishes, such as embroidery, called “leaves” and placed between the front and 6 bars that represent the 3 most important islands of the Venetian lagoon: Murano, Burano and Torcello.

  • Ferro di poppa “risso” (curl) is named for the spiral shape that recalls perhaps the movement of the oar and represents the sophistication of the builders of the gondolas. Being the highest point on the gondola, the hedgehog back on some gondolas is partially cut to allow the transit under the bridges even in conditions of high water.
  • Forcola della Gondola
    Forcola, foto da :

    forcola” is the support of the oar (remo) is made ​​from walnut and is modeled by Remer. Building the oars and the “forks” requires considerable expertise and skill, so deal with it real specialists called “remeri.” The “forks” can be up to 4 in a gondola, but what is most important is that of the stern. It is manufactured in a single piece of walnut, like an arm bent at the elbow, almost at a right angle up to present the ‘bite’, ie the fork on which to rest the oar. with the

  • remi ‘(lunghi 4.20 m) must be of beech and are taken from old timber seasoning. Since the blade must have a very large, it is reported on the length of a strip Astella tapered, that is thinned, called “knife”, which has a thickness progressively smaller from the bottom to the top and that serves to proportion the effort of the rower.
  • ‘parecio’, is the decor on the gondola and consists of a two-seater sofa at the foot of the post of vogue, a couple of stools and a carpet spread along the hull.
  • ‘canon’, a venetian lantern.


These are the parts of the gondola, numerous, and all of the utmost importance, every detail is taken care of ensuring unique gondolas that resist over the years. A work of maintenance of gondolas is required, always at the Squero (dry docks).

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